Vibrio parahaemolyticus is a halophilic, curved, rod-shaped and Gram-negative bacterium. Found in brackish saltwater, V. parahaemolyticus causes gastrointestinal illness in humans when ingested. The bacterium naturally inhabits warm coastal areas in the United States and Canada and is present in higher concentrations during summer months when the water is warmer. Most people are infected by eating raw or under cooked shellfish, particularly oysters. The bacteria can also cause an infection of the skin when an open wound is exposed to warm seawater and infection can also occur in the eyes and ears after swimming in affected areas. Once ingested, acute gastroenteritis occurs. Symptoms include watery diarrhea often with abdominal cramping,nausea,vomiting, fever and chills. Usually these symptoms occur within 24 hours of ingestion. Duration of the resulting illness is usually limited to 72 hours. Severe cases can result in symptoms persisting for up to 10 days, however this is rare and occurs more commonly in immunocompromised patients.
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The Primerdesign genesig Kit for Vibrio parahaemolyticus (V. parahaemolyticus) genomes is designed for the in vitro quantification of V. parahaemolyticus genomes. The kit is designed to have the broadest detection profile possible whilst remaining specific to the V. parahaemolyticus genome.